rene Kral was not
just another jazz singer. She had a delicate style, yet every
note was placed with deliberate aim, and she always hit her mark
with unerring accuracy. She had a brilliant flair for picking
tasty, little-known material, often by up and coming young, jazz-influenced
songwriters. She recorded only a small number of albums, often
on small, jazz labels and she never sang in a show-off way, never
scatted, never belted or raunched out her voice. Most aficionados
of female vocalists have never heard of her, and she remains largely
forgotten in the jazz history books. Yet her work deserves to
be searched out, for her intimate style and purity of tone.
Irene Kral was born to Czechoslovakian parents
on Jan. 18th, 1932 in Chicago. Her earliest musical influence
was her brother, Roy, who at 18 formed his own big band and would
rehearse the group in their parent's basement. While watching
her brother and his band, she decided that she wanted to sing.
She was 8 years old at the time. Her brother, Roy, became well
known later as half of 'Jackie and Roy', a highly influential
bebop vocal duo, well-respected in jazz circles.
By the time she was 16, she was singing and accompanying herself
on piano, performing at school and the occasional wedding. Her
vocal skills impressed her professional musician brother enough
for him to take her by the hand to audition for a swinging Chicago
big band, led by Jay Burkhardt. Burkhardt's band had been the
starting point for two other singers, who went on to bigger things,
Joe Williams and Jackie Cain (who later married her brother, and
was the 'Jackie' of 'Jackie and Roy'). A series of jobs with other
bands came and went, over the next few years, including a brief
stint with Woody Herman.
In 1954, she landed a job singing with a jazz vocal group called
the Tattletales. She played drums, and sang lead with the group,
which traveled from coast to coast, and to Canada, Bermuda and
Puerto Rico. The group recorded for Columbia Records, but nothing
much came of the records. She stayed with the group for a little
over a year. Following her heart to stretch out as a solo artist,
she left the Tattletales and began picking up the occasional weekend
solo job, and auditioning for any band that she thought might
be going places.
When she was 25, in 1957, her friend Carmen McRae recommended
her to band-leader Maynard Ferguson. The next time Ferguson came
through Chicago, she got up on the stand and sang one tune with
the band. After Ferguson heard Kral finish singing 'Sometimes
I'm Happy', he hired her on the spot and she started that night
with no rehearsal. In Fergusons' band she met Joe Burnett, a trumpet
and fluegelhorn player, whom she married in 1958. She stayed with
the Ferguson band for nearly two years, recording one album with
them, before she was offered her own contract to record solo.
In 1959, while in Los Angeles, she became a regular vocalist on The Steve Allen Show. Her exposure on the Allen show led
to the recording of her first solo LP for United Artist Records,
an entire album of songs written by Steve Allen entitled SteveIreneo.
The same year, she cut the LP The Band And I, with the
Herb Pomeroy Orchestra, working with legendary saxophonist and
arranger Al Cohn. Next. she became the featured vocalist with
Shelly Manne and his Men, a popular leader of 'West Coast cool
jazz'. She also appeared solo at the Stardust Hotel in Las Vegas.
By 1961, Irene and her husband, Joe, had relocated to Tarzana,
California, a small suburb of Los Angeles where their daughter,
Jodi was born. Their second daughter, Melissa, followed. She limited
her yearly out of town performances to a half-dozen choice engagements
around the country, in order to spend time with her family.
Throughout her career, she felt like she had been born too late,
and had just missed the height of the Big Band Era. She recalled,
"When I was in high school, I bought every Woody Herman and
Stan Kenton record that came out. June Christy seemed to be in
the greatest spot in life, and gave me my first inspiration. I'm
sorry I missed hearing some of the really good big bands around
earlier, like Jimmie Lunceford's and Billy Eckstine's, and Dizzy
Gillespie's first band. Now when I'm old enough to appreciate
them, almost all the really good bands are gone." She named
a few of her other favorite singers as being Peggy Lee, Sarah
Vaughn, Dinah Washington and Helen Merrill.
Although she could swing with the best of them, she thought of
herself as primarily a ballad singer. "I love to sing ballads
more than anything, and consequently I know three times more ballads
as 'up' tunes. I dig tunes that have a warm laziness about them."
Jazz vocalist Carmen McRae who, talking about Irene, said, "Besides
being a marvelous singer, Irene has great taste in tunes. In fact,
I've 'stolen' quite a few from her!"
In 1964, she sang on Laurindo Almeida's Grammy© Award-winning
album, Guitar From Ipanema. The following year, she recorded
an album of her own, called Wonderful Life, on the small
Mainstream label. In addition to her usual choice of great songs,
unfortunately, the company insisted that she record three tunes
aimed at the Top 40 'teen' market. On these songs, she seems like
a fish out of water. Nothing came of the attempt to make her more
'commercial', and the songs stand as the only blemish on her recorded
output of classy material.
Ten years passed before she recorded again. She continued to perform
regularly at jazz clubs around the country. By the mid 70's, her
relationship with her husband, Joe, had begun to deteriorate and
shortly after their divorce, she met a Los Angeles disc jockey
named Dennis Smith. "They got along wonderfully and really
hit it off right," her brother, Roy Kral recalls. "Dennis
was the best thing that could have happened to her. It was his
love and warmth, and his protection, and his caring for her that
brought out this wonderful sound from her, at the time. Before
that, her vocal tone had been a little more strident. Her relationship
with Dennis brought all this warmth out of her, and that really
showed in her singing on the Where Is Love album."
Where Is Love was released in 1975 on the Choice label.
On this album of solely ballads, she is accompanied by just piano,
thoughtfully played by Alan Broadbent. In the liner notes, Irene wrote, "This
is meant to be heard only during that quiet time of the day, preferably
with someone you love, when you can sink into your favorite chair,
close your eyes and let in no outside thoughts to detract."
In her 1984 book on women in jazz, Stormy Weather, Lorraine
Dahl wrote: "Irene Kral had a lovely, resonant voice with
a discreet vibrato, flawless diction and intonation, and a slight,
attractive nasality and shaping of phrases that resembled Carmen
McRae's. But where McRae's readings tend to the astringent, Kral's
melt like butter. She was a master of quiet understatement and
Her album, Kral Space, was released in 1977, and was a
welcome return to the swinging trio sound of her earlier efforts.
The album brought together the songs of contemporary jazz songwriters
like Dave Frishberg and Bob Dorough, as well as Cole Porter and
Jerome Kern. Kral Space was nominated for a Grammy©
for Best Jazz Vocal performance. The following year, another quiet
album of voice and piano, Gentle Rain was released. Again
she was nominated for a Grammy© for her work. Both years,
she lost the award to her good friend Al Jarreau. Downbeat Magazine,
in its' review of Gentle Rain, had this to say about her
voice: "Irene Kral is one of today's most engaging vocalists.
Though she doesn't possess a great natural instrument, Kral projects
intelligence and emotional depth. This gives her performance a
worldly dimension akin to that of Tony Bennett and Frank Sinatra."
Jazz singer/songwriter/pianist Dave Frishberg remembers, "Irene
had a definite direction in her singing. I accompanied her many
times as I've done for other singers. Usually, when you accompany
a singer, there are times when the piano player can lead the singer
into different directions. With Irene, she definitely led you
and you followed. She knew exactly what she wanted, and she was
firmly in command."
"She had a great respect for her own music," remembers
her brother, Roy. "Once, she was appearing at Carnegie Hall
at one of the jazz festivals, and Jackie and I were driving her
in to town. And in the car she was very quiet, just watching the
cars passing by. After a long silence, she finally said 'Oh, I
want to be so good.' And of course, she was.
Irene Kral died on August 15th, 1978 at age 46, in Encino, CA,
after having battled breast cancer for 6 years. She had performed
up to three weeks prior to her death. Roy Kral says "she
managed to express her pleasure at finally being acknowledged
when she said to me, 'It looks like we've finally made it.' "
On October 10th, 1978, a memorial concert was produced in her
honor at the Roxy in Hollywood. The 5-hour concert was attended
by more than 500 people and included performances by many top
jazz musicians who had worked with Ms. Kral over her career. A
few of the 60 performers who participated were Al Jarreau, Jack
Sheldon, Carmen McRae and Jackie and Roy. All proceeds from the
event went to establish a scholarship fund for her two daughters.
Her former husband, Joe Burnett passed away on June 18th, 2010. Daughter, Melissa, lives in San Antonio, Texas, where she
is a successful graphic artist, working for a top agency there.
Their oldest daughter, Jodi, is one of the recording industry's
top studio cello players in Los Angeles, where she has performed
on many film and TV soundtracks.
Kral left behind a small, but solid body of work that deserves
to be sought out and listened to.